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Dependency Injection

Cadence activities support injecting depdendencies as parameters to the activity implementation constructor. This can be used to inject things like database or REST API clients into an activity and can also be used to pass in mocked implementations for workflow and activity unit testing.

You'll need to add a reference the Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection nuget package to your worker service, configure your dependencies using the global Neon service container ServiceContainer, and then add a constructor to your activity implementation with parameters that accept the dependencies.

You must register your dependencies before your worker registers its activity implementations.

Here's an example of worker injecting an object instance into an activity:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Net.Mail;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;

using Neon.Cadence;
using Neon.Common;

// An instance of this class will be injected into the activity.

public class MailSettings
    public string MailServer { get; set; }

[ActivityInterface(TaskList = "my-tasks")]
public interface IEmailActivity : IActivity
    [ActivityMethod(Name = "send-message")]
    Task SendMessageAsync(string email, string messageText);

[Activity(AutoRegister = true)]
public class EmailActivity : ActivityBase, IEmailActivity
    private MailSettings settings;

    public EmailActivity(MailSettings settings)
        // The [settings] parameter was injected into this activity
        // instance.  We'll save it to a local field so it will
        // be available to all of the activity methods.

        this.settings = settings;

    public async Task SendMessageAsync(string email, string messageText)
        var smtp    = new SmtpClient(settings.MailServer);   // Connect using the injected settings
        var message = new MailMessage("", email);

        message.Body = messageText;

        await Task.CompletedTask;

[WorkflowInterface(TaskList = "my-tasks")]
public interface IEmailWorkflow : IWorkflow
    Task SendMessagesAsync();

public static class Program
    public static async Task Main(string[] args)
        // Configure the settings name such that they will be injected
        // into the email activity when it's constructed.
        // Note that we did this before calling RegisterAssemblyAsync() below.
        // Dependencies added after activities have been registered will be
        // ignored.

        NeonHelper.ServiceContainer.AddSingleton(typeof(MailSettings), new MailSettings() { MailServer = "" });

        // Connect to Cadence

        var settings = new CadenceSettings()
            DefaultDomain = "my-domain",
            CreateDomain  = true,
            Servers       = new List<string>() { "cadence://localhost:7933" }

        using (var client = await CadenceClient.ConnectAsync(settings))
            // Register your workflow and activity implementations to let 
            // Cadence know we're open for business.

            await client.RegisterAssemblyAsync(System.Reflection.Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly());
            await client.StartWorkerAsync("my-tasks");

            // Invoke the workflow.

            var workflowStub = client.NewWorkflowStub<IEmailWorkflow>();

            await workflowStub.SendMessagesAsync();
See Also